To make characters believable to readers, set them in motion. To enlarge the description, imagine that same father in a particular setting—not just in the house but also sitting in the brown recliner. Then, because setting implies time as well as place, choose a particular time in which to place him. Then set the father in motion. Again, be as specific as possible.
In order for readers to enter the fictional dream, the activity must be shown.
Well-placed verbs can sharpen almost any physical description of a character. Her mouth bowed forward and her brow sloped back, and her skull shone pink and speckled within a mere haze of hair, which hovered about her head like the remembered shape of an altered thing. She looked as if the nimbus of humanity were fading away and she were turning monkey.
Tendrils grew from her eyebrows and coarse white hairs sprouted on her lip and chin. When she put on an old dress the bosom hung empty and the hem swept the floor. Old hats fell down over her eyes. Sometimes she put her hand over her mouth and laughed, her eyes closed and her shoulder shaking. Notice the strong verbs Robinson uses throughout the description. This distinction between nonactable and actable actions echoes our earlier distinction between showing and telling. Actable actions are important elements in many fiction and nonfiction scenes that include dialogue.
In some cases, actions, along with environmental clues, are even more important to character development than the words the characters speak. Writers of effective dialogue include pauses, voice inflections, repetitions, gestures, and other details to suggest the psychological and emotional subtext of a scene.
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Journalists and other nonfiction writers do the same. You have a transcript of the interview, based on audio or video recordings, but you also took notes about what else was going on in that room. When you asked him about his tour of duty, did he look out the window, light another cigarette, and change the subject?
Was it a stormy afternoon? What song was playing on the radio? When the phone rang, did your cousin ignore it or jump up to answer it, looking relieved for the interruption? Including details such as these will deepen your character description. The novels of Milan Kundera use little outward description of characters or their actions.
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For Kundera, a novel is more a meditation on ideas and the private world of the mind than a realistic depiction of characters. It was August, high summer, but there was something definite and curiously insubstantial in the air. But there was something in the air, a sad note the weather played upon the instrument of the bone-stretched skin. In the first passage, which depicts a farm in winter, Agnes sees images of beginnings and births. Specific literary works that influenced Bone include Smith's favorite book, Moby Dick. Smith, who cites its multi-layered narrative and symbolism, placed numerous references to it in Bone.
Tolkien 's The Lord of the Rings and the classic fairy tales and mythologies that inspired those works.
While Smith attended the Ohio State University , he created a comic strip called "Thorn" for the student newspaper, The Lantern , which included some of the characters who later featured in Bone. After college, Smith and his friends produced animation work on commission in their studio, Character Builders Inc. Drawn to the idea that he could produce his own animated-type story but in the comics medium, and convinced by Frank Miller 's The Dark Knight Returns and Art Spiegelman 's Maus that a serious comic book with a beginning, middle and end structure was both artistically and commercially viable, Smith decided to produce Bone.
In , Smith launched his company, Cartoon Books , to publish the series. This made it difficult to focus on writing and drawing the book, and as a result, he fell behind in his production. To remedy this, he asked his wife, Vijaya, to quit her lucrative job at a Silicon Valley startup company to run the business side of Bone as the President of Cartoon Books.
As a result, Smith was able to refocus on drawing, and sales improved. Smith believed this would be a temporary arrangement, and to maintain the book's place in catalogs, the collected volumes remained under the Cartoon Books label. The Cartoon Books printings have black back covers, inset with a single panel reprinted from inside.
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First printings can be distinguished from later printings by changes in the color of the logo on the front cover. The comic and its story ended with its 55th issue, dated June The back cover has, in place of the usual comic panel, a black-and-white photo of Smith in his studio drawing the last page on May In an interview on Attack of the Show , Smith revealed that he drew the last page before working on the first issue. Other books published in the color series but not part of the main storyline is the prequel Rose , illustrated by Charles Vess ; the Bone Handbook ; and Tall Tales , which has a new story surrounding reprints of the Big Johnson Bone story, the Disney Adventures story, and a few new tales.
Issues from the Out from Boneville collection were also reprinted in the digest-sized children's magazine Disney Adventures , first in and later in through The pages were also censored to remove smoking and drinking references and any innuendo involving Thorn and Fone Bone. The series was split into three-story arcs, each having two names, one being the original arc name, the other being the name used in the one volume edition, respectively as follows. The first arc lasted from issues 1—20 volumes 1—3, June — August being named Vernal Equinox , or The Valley. The main story in issue The second arc was named Solstice , or Phoney Strikes Back.
The arc lasted from issues 21—39 volumes 4—6, October — August It is tied as the longest running arc in issues with the third arc lasting 19 issues. From February to January , Scholastic Inc. In , HarperCollins began publishing the full color editions for the UK market. The series was also reprinted in color under HarperCollins Children's Books , the fourth individual reprinting for the first 3 volumes and the third individual reprinting for the last 6 volumes. The first three volumes have been published in , , and , respectively, though it is unclear whether the last six volumes will be reprinted.
This special print of the entire adventure was to celebrate the end of the series and the commencement of every collection in the series being reprinted in color through Scholastic Press.
First released in and promoted as only a limited print run being available, this edition has had several reprintings to keep it available. In addition to the one-volume paperback, a signed limited edition hardcover edition of the one-volume book was issued.
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The deluxe hardcover featured gold embossed lettering on the cover, gilded edges, and a cloth ribbon bookmark. The end pages are printed with a map of The Valley and it comes with a full-color signed and numbered bookplate. The series has been reprinted 13 times, also featuring a signed limited edition of the 13th pressing version sold during November Reviewer Andrew Arnold said of the collection, which was published at the conclusion of the monthly series, "As sweeping as the Lord of the Rings cycle, but much funnier Smith imbues even simple dialogue panels with animation.
Now that it's finished Bone should join the ranks of Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter in the young adult pantheon. In November , for its 20th anniversary, a full-color, one-volume edition was released. It has a special section in the back with a cover gallery of the original comics, an illustrated timeline of Bone's year history, and an essay by author Jeff Smith.
It includes a short story where the Bone cousins celebrate Winter Solstice, and also a Jeff Smith interview and sketches.
It is featured in the Crown of Horns collection and the final issue of the series. Jan , Wizard, 28 pages This was a free comic book mail-in offer through Wizard magazine. As was also common with Wizard magazine comic offers, there was a special gold foil cover variant where the Bone title on the cover is embossed in gold foil. It came in a rigid mylar sleeve and a certificate of authenticity. There is a short story that fits in between No. This special also includes a Jeff Smith interview and sketches.
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This sourcebook was published to celebrate the move of the Bone series from self-publishing to Image Comics, where it stayed for only 7 issues before Jeff Smith took it back to self-publishing. To celebrate its year anniversary, a special color edition of Bone No. This special edition included a new cover, a new afterword by Jeff Smith, and an illustrated eight-page commentary by comics historian R.
Harvey , and the original artwork was digitally remastered in full color. Seemingly a simple farm girl, it is soon revealed that she is heir to the throne of Atheia. She is also a "Veni-Yan-Cari" the awakened one , one who can see into the "dreaming", a kind of parallel existence, or "spirit world". Thorn has been shown to have excellent courage, as well as fantastic powers, such as escaping through a landslide blindfolded, flying, and jumping a castle wall without injuring herself. In a sense she can do anything if she can "concentrate her dreaming. She starts off sweet and innocent, yet later in The Dragonslayer when the seriousness and reality of everything dawns on her she takes on a more mature and tougher personality.
Thorn's grandmother, a tough-as-nails farmer who races against cows on foot as a hobby, and always wins. An immensely strong person, it is revealed that she is the former Queen of Atheia who escaped to Barrelhaven with Lucius Down to protect and safeguard Thorn. A large, gruff, older man who was described as over seven feet tall and over pounds. Lucius was so powerful he could scare even Euclid into submission. He runs the Barrelhaven Tavern, and was the foil for almost all of Phoney Bone's schemes. In the later books we find that Jonathan Oaks was like a son to him.
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He was previously Captain of the Queen's guard and it was hinted he had a history with Gran'ma Ben, only to reveal later that he had 'picked the wrong girl', instead falling in love with her sister, Briar, whose motive in the affair was to hurt Rose. He was later in love with Rose Harvestar. Before the Rat Creatures destroy his tavern, he relocates to Old Man's cave, where he becomes Captain of an ill-equipped infantry of Barrelhaven farmers.
After the volcano erupts, he leads the farmers and Veni Yan south, arriving in time for the battle on Sinner's Rock. When the Hooded One prepared to kill Rose, Lucius grabs onto her just as she is destroyed; the resulting surge in power kills Lucius. His body is later taken north and buried behind the rebuilt Barrelhaven Tavern. The Red Dragon appears when he is most needed. Gran'ma Ben does not trust him, regardless of how many times he has saved her or her friends from harm.
The Great Red Dragon seems to be incredibly ancient. In a sequence that shows the land during the Dragons' reign, supposedly the beginning of time, the Great Red Dragon can be seen fighting Mim along with other dragons. As said in the prequel Stupid, Stupid Rat Tails , he is Mim's son and he was part of the group that trapped her in stone when the Valley was made. He took care of Thorn during the Great War while Rose searched for a place for them to hide.