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Product 2 is the healthier choice. Sometimes it is not as clear which food is the healthier choice. For example, one product might be low in fat but high in salt while another one may be high in fat but low in salt. The one you choose will depend on your specific needs and requirements. A dietitian can help you determine what to focus on and the amounts you should aim for.

The ingredient list includes all the ingredients that are in the product. They are listed in order by weight with the heaviest ingredient listed first and the lightest ingredient listed last. The ingredient list is useful to see what the product is made of. This can be very helpful if you have a food allergy or intolerance and need to avoid certain foods.

Nutrition claims include nutrient content claims and health claims. Both are optional on food labels. A nutrient content claim indicates that the food has a certain amount of a specific nutrient. Example: High in vitamin C. A complete list of nutrient content claims and their meanings can be found at Nutrient content claims: what they mean.

Key Messages

A health claim is a statement that mentions certain nutrients and their role in preventing disease. Example: A healthy diet low in saturated and trans fats may reduce the risk of heart disease. Name of food item is low in saturated and trans fats. A complete list of health claims and their meanings can be found at Health claims: what they mean. Restaurants and food service businesses are also not required to have a Nutrition Facts table attached to their products.

The information on the food label is to help Canadians make informed decisions about the foods they eat. Did you know? Many grocery stores have dietitians who are available to help customers with cooking, reading labels and meal prep ideas. Ask your grocery store if they have a dietitian on staff. Nutrition labelling. Dietitians look beyond fads to deliver reliable, life-changing advice. Want to unlock the potential of food?

Healthy eating tips for diabetes

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Understanding Food Labels in Canada - Unlock Food

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Understanding food labels

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Glycemic index of foods: A physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr ;—6. International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: Diabetes Care ;—3. Effect of a low-glycemic index or a high-cereal fiber diet on type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial. Low-glycemic index diets in the management of diabetes: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

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Food and Nutrition

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